As a small island state, Singapore has many existential threats. We have overcome our challenges by planning ahead, investing in research and development, and scaled them up effectively to address challenges. 

However, we cannot rest on our laurels. Climate change will bring new threats and put pressure on essential resources like water, food and energy. We must continue to plan ahead, invest, and strengthen our capacity to meet challenges posed by climate change as well as external developments.



Towards Zero Waste: A Circular Economy Approach

We will adopt circular economy principles to overcome resource constraints and move Singapore towards zero waste. This will ensure the future Singapore economy is vibrant and sustainable, with good jobs for Singaporeans.

  • Based on the successes of NEWater, a new product, termed NEWSand, will be created by turning incineration ash into construction material.

The inaugural Zero Waste Masterplan will be launched in the second half of 2019, with the last phase of public consultations in March and April 2019.

  • E-waste: The Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) will come into effect from 2021
  • Packaging waste including plastics: There will be mandatory packaging reporting from 2020, and the EPR will be applicable by 2025.
  • Food waste: New developments which generate large amounts of food waste will need to cater for on-site food waste treatment in building plans from 2021; mandatory food waste segregation by large commercial and industrial food waste generators from 2024
  • Mandatory waste reporting: The scheme will be extended to large factories, warehouses and convention and exhibition centres

The Resource Sustainability Bill will be introduced later this year to give legislative effect to regulatory measures. It will create opportunities for companies to tap on rising demand for resource recovery.


Enhancing Food Security: A 30-by-30 Vision

To strengthen our food security, we will build up our ‘Three Food Baskets’:

  • Diversify import sources to reduce reliance on any one supply sourc
  • Grow local to significantly increase local production
  • Grow overseas by supporting our companies to expand and grow overseas, so that produce can be exported back home

Our vision for ‘Grow Local’ is to develop the capability and capacity of our agri-food industry to produce 30 per cent of Singapore’s nutritional needs locally by 2030 (i.e. 30 by 30).

  • Support existing farms to raise productivity, strengthen climate resilience and overcome resource constraints
  • Funding support available through the Agriculture Productivity Fund
  • Support farming in alternative urban spaces, such as rooftops, and deep sea spaces
  • Grow an eco-system of research and development players
  • Build up workforce with good understanding of urban food production processes and business models, and multi-disciplinary expertise in science, engineering, info-communications, including genetics, nutrition and robotics.
  • Conduct visioning exercise with stakeholders in the coming months to co-create the future of the agri-food industry 


A Smart, Resilient and Sustainable Water System

Investing in our water infrastructure and enhancing our flood resilience.

  • Fourth and fifth desalination plants in Marina East and on Jurong Island slated for 2020
  • Phase 2 of Deep Tunnel Sewerage System on track for completion in 2025

We will continue encouraging water conservation in both domestic and non-domestic sectors.

  • Green Labelling Scheme for commercial dishwashers, water extractors and high pressure water jets is being developed by PUB and Singapore Environment Council.


Food-Water-Energy-Waste Nexus

Spending on research and development in water, circular economy, climate change, food, and their nexus.


Building Resilience Against Climate Change

Investing in research and building up our climate science capabilities.

  • The Centre for Climate Research Singapore (CCRS) will initiate the National Sea Level Programme this year.