Singapore's environmental issues, and the policies to tackle these issues.
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Singapore depends on four sources for its water supply – local
catchment water, imported water, NEWater and
desalinated water. Known as the Four National Taps, this diversified water supply strategy ensures
Singaporeans of a robust supply of water for generations to come.
While we can continue to expand our supply, we also look at ways to manage
demand and conserve our precious
As our population and economy grows, we need to use water wisely to ensure
Besides ensuring the cleanliness and health of our waterway network, we
encourage Singaporeans to take joint
ownership of water by using it wisely and keeping our waterways, waterbodies and catchment areas
Increase supply of water from non-conventional sources such as desalination and water recycling to meet up to
30% and 50% of our future water needs by 2060.
Reduce daily per capita domestic water consumption to 147 litres by 2020, and 140 litres by 2030.
Partner the 3P sectors to generate greater awareness of the importance of conserving, valuing and enjoying water
and develop a sense of shared ownership of our water resources.
We rely on a few different water sources to help ensure that our supply remains stable at all times.
improve the sustainability of our water supply, we promote research and development efforts in water
used water technologies. We also ensure that our potable water quality is of high standards.
On top of securing supply, we seek to reduce water consumption of both households and non-domestic
We actively promote the use of water-efficient household fittings and appliances and continue to
various non-domestic sectors to manage their water demand.
We encourage the community to improve their water-using habits and educate them on the implications
living in water catchment areas.
Our water resources also provide recreational spaces. Singaporeans are encouraged to take ownership
while enjoying these resources.
PUBLIC UTILITIES ACT (Cap 261)
SEWERAGE AND DRAINAGE ACT (Cap 294)
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT ACT (Cap 94A)
ENVIRONMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH ACT (Cap 95)
Our statutory board, PUB, is Singapore’s national water agency. It manages Singapore’s water supply, water catchment and used water in an integrated way.
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Keeping our air clean by reducing emissions from industries and vehicles.
Keeping our land clean by managing our solid and hazardous waste well.
Ensuring there is water for all to live, enjoy, conserve and value.
Preventing transmission of vector-borne diseases and keeping our public areas clean.
Conserving and using energy efficiently and reducing carbon emissions to address challenges and climate change.
Last updated: 04 Oct 2017
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